North Macedonia’s national name card, small town by Lake Ohrid, picturesque scenery of lakes and mountains

2022-06-23 0 By

A 10-country Balkan tour in 2017 included a visit to Macedonia, which changed its name to North Macedonia two years later in 2019.Some group members joked that now our Macedonian transit stamp can be precious!The reason for the name change is that when you think of Macedonia, most people think of Alexander the Great, and scenes from the movie Alexander the Great.In the 4th century BC, the ancient Greek king of Macedonia was famous for his outstanding military skills. He led his army to the Indus River Valley and established an empire spanning Europe, Asia and Africa.Unfortunately, time has passed and history has swept away too many macedonians, who are no longer descendants of Alexander the Great.”Alexander the Great” movie poster, taken from the Internet in the 6th and 7th centuries, slavs went south, one of them settled here, assimilated the local people, absorbed the Byzantine culture, created their own language, formed a new nation, using the name of Macedonia, which is the ancestor of the later Macedonian nation.Or to put it simply, the ancient Macedonians were a branch of the Ancient Greeks, and the later Macedonians were a branch of the Slavs.The national Archaeological Museum in Athens holds a statue of Alexander, taken from the Internet in what was once a territory of ancient Greece, then Byzantium, Then Bulgaria, then Serbia, then Ottoman Turkey.In the 1920s, after two Balkan wars, Macedonia was divided by Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece, and Vardar Macedonia belonging to Serbia was incorporated into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II, Macedonia became one of the six socialist Federations of Yugoslavia.And of Greece they were called Aegean Macedonia.At the end of the 1980s, the Dramatic change in Eastern Europe and the disintegration of Yugoslavia. In 1991, the Republic of Macedonia in the Yugoslav Socialist Federation declared its independence and named its country as the Republic of Macedonia, which was strongly opposed by its southern neighbor Greece: The focus was on the inheritance of the historical and cultural heritage of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedonia.The worry is a territorial claim on Macedonia in northern Greece.As a result, Macedonia applied for EU membership for years, always vetoed by Greece.The flag of North Macedonia, taken from the Internet, is associated with the competition for the origin of historical celebrities in ancient China. People have the same heart and the same idea. We can understand the feelings of both sides in the debate on the name of Macedonia (of course, there are practical interests consideration).Thankfully, after more than 20 years of wrangling, a solution was found: in 2019, Macedonia changed its name to North Macedonia.It shows the political wisdom of coordinating international relations and the spirit of compromise in seeking common ground while shelving differences.We arrived in Ohrid just after 5pm, dropped off our bags and headed for the lake.Lake Ohrid lies on the border between Albania and northern Macedonia.The sky was wide and misty, and the water was blue and clear, shining golden in the setting sun.Though it was mid-spring, unmelted snow could be seen on distant hilltops.Trees, grass and flowers bloom everywhere.It is said that about two thirds of the days in the year here are sunny, so it was called the “City of sunshine” in ancient Greece.In the 9th century, the Bulgarians named it Ohrid (Slavic for “city upon a hill”).There is a long boardwalk deep into the lake, where old people fish and teenagers ride bicycles.A white boat like a white pearl, scattered in the lake.Houses with red tiles and white walls were built from the lake to the top of the hill, and at the top were the walls of Ohrid, with flags of red and yellow sun.It is said that Lake Ohrid is one of the oldest lakes in the world and the deepest in the Balkans, covering an area of nearly 400 square kilometers and reaching a depth of nearly 300 meters.But what people did not expect is that its source is the bottom of another small lake spring, that is dozens of kilometers away from the Saint Nam Mu Lake.The waters of Lake Ohrid support 200 endemic plant and animal species, including 17 species of native fish such as algae, snails and crustaceans, as well as a wide variety of birds.Jewelry shop, it is said that the local handmade jewelry is very famous boys female college students, group friends Teacher Li photographed the famous city with famous lake, Ohrid city and Ohrid Lake is the world natural and cultural double heritage site, as of 2021, the world only 39 such double heritage site!There is a local folk saying: If you want to be happy for a day, go to drink; if you want to be happy for a year, go to love; if you want to be happy for a lifetime, go to plant trees.Many important times, they think of planting trees.It seems that this natural heritage crown benefits not only from the natural conditions endowed by god, but also from the people’s love and maintenance of natural ecology.The old city of Ohrid is said to have been built in the 2nd century BC. The area is not very large, but there are many historic sites.Samuel castle (also known as Ohrid Castle) is named after Samuel who established the first Slavic kingdom and made it his capital.It was built in the 10th and 11th centuries on the basis of an Ancient Roman castle.Standing on the wall, you can overlook the ancient city buildings and lake Ohrid.Not far from the castle is an Ancient Roman amphitheater dating back more than 2,000 years.Ohrid is known as the “Jerusalem of the Balkans” because it was once home to more than 360 churches and monasteries.The most charming is st. John’s Church, built on the cliff side.Hagia Sophia is the largest church here and the main cathedral.The monastery of St. Pantelei, said to have been founded in the 9th century, was the earliest ancient Slavic monastery, rebuilt in 2000.Ohrid is said to have preserved more than 800 Byzantine paintings from the 11th to the 14th century, and more than 2,500 square meters of Byzantine frescoes.St. John’s Church, built on the edge of a cliff, the grandstand of the Ancient Roman theater, the monastery of St. Pantelei, night scene, upper left, the annual Festival of The Summer of The Auhrid International Art Festival, and the Balkan Folk song and dance Festival.In the central square beside the lake, there are many statues of famous historical figures.Writing with a book in hand, Saint Clement founded the Balkans’ first Slavic school in the 9th century, the Ohrid Grammar School, regarded as the patron saint of Slavic education and language.Holding a model of the city’s architecture, it is said that the founder of ohrid city.With a population of 2.06 million and an area of 25,700 square kilometers, Northern Macedonia is a country of poetry.Struga, also on the lakeside and next door to Ohrid, hosts an international poetry festival every year, but we didn’t stop by.The “Golden Ring award” of the 37th Struga International Poetry Festival was awarded to Chinese poet Yoshihara.To the award ceremony, Mr. Yoshihara brought a souvenir printed with his poem: “One must use poetry to find the light of reason/one must use poetry to cross the ugly bridge/One must use poetry to open up the wilderness of life/One must use poetry to conquer the tigers and wolves of man/One must march forward with poetry/even if one is wounded along the way.”Poetry has no borders, and anyone who loves art and life can understand it.A view of the old city buildings from the hilltop castle. A model of the city, said to be the founder of Ohrid, is held in the hands of Teacher Li