Worse than the Southern Song Dynasty!The liao and Jin tombs can be visited for free
Ordinary scholars do not like to mention the Liao and Jin dynasties, which were established by different ethnic groups.However, dongyi, Beidi, Xirong and Nanyue have always been a part of Chinese history, which cannot be avoided.It is also true that the rulers of the two dynasties had been Sinicized.So, what is the situation of the imperial tombs of liao and Jin dynasties?Can we go sightseeing?This article will give you a detailed answer.Liao Emperor mausoleum: only one fan king tomb open to visitors!The Liao Dynasty, founded by the Khitan, had nine emperors and reigned for 218 years.As for the small courts established after the fall of the Liao, such as the Northern liao, the Western Liao, the Eastern Liao and the Later Liao, there is no mention here.If you remember how the Jin dynasty treated the Song mausoleum in Gongyi after they destroyed the Northern Song, it is not difficult to imagine that after the Jin destroyed the Liao mausoleum, it will also destroy the Liao mausoleum.And so it is.The land of Longxing in the Liao Dynasty is now the Liaohe River Basin in Liaoning Province.The mausoleums of the Liao emperors are mostly in this area.Jin dynasty occupied here, on the Liao dynasty temple here, mausoleums carried out devastating damage.Since then, the Jin, Mongol and Yuan dynasties have all done the same thing: destroy the Khitan culture by destroying cultural relics, migrating people, changing place names and so on.After a long period of “efforts”, the Khitan were assimilated into the Han, Jurchen, Mongol, Koryo and other ethnic groups, and eventually disappeared.In this process, some khitan survivors arranged and moved the liao Emperor’s mausoleum.Objectively speaking, this activity also destroyed the Liao Dynasty imperial tombs.Now, it is very difficult to find the tomb of the Liao emperor.At the foot of Mewluwu Mountain in Beizhen City, Jinzhou City, Liaoning Province, there is a tomb group of liao Emperors.The tombs of Yalu Zongzheng and Yalu Zongyun (nephews of Emperor Shengzong of liao), as well as the tombs of liao nobles whose owners cannot be determined, were found in the complex.These two tombs should be the tombs of Emperor Jingzong Of Liao dynasty and Empress Dowager Xiao’s Qianling, but the tombs of emperor and empress Have not been confirmed.Although the emperor’s mausoleum was not found, this place is called “Liao Dynasty Emperor’s Mausoleum Scenic area”, and tourists often visit here.Of the four large tombs that have been found, The tomb of Jelu Zongzheng is open to visitors, but several others have been backfilled.Jin Dynasty emperor mausoleum: now only a Jin Dynasty emperor mausoleum also quite messy.There were some emperors who were demoted after their death (King Hailing and King Wei Shao) and had no royal tombs.Some people were not emperors, but when their children and grandchildren became emperors, they were granted the title of emperor and had imperial tombs instead.The number of jin Dynasty mausoleum is not detailed break off, anyway, now did not find a few.Jinling Site is located at the foot of Yunfeng Mountain in Chechang Village, Fangshan District, Beijing.There were 17 emperors from the first ancestor of the Jin Dynasty to the Jinzhang Emperor buried here, as well as some concubines and imperial families.This is the first imperial mausoleum in Beijing.Except for King Xuanzong, who was buried in Kaifeng, Henan Province, and Emperor Aizong, who was dismembered after his death, the rest of the Jin emperors were buried here.The mausoleum area was laid down by King Wanyan Liang, who ironically had no mausoleum of his own.He moved the capital of the Jin Dynasty to Beijing and built three tombs on the site of the Yunfeng Temple to bury the three emperors who came before him.The following year, he moved the coffins of the 10 ancestors of the Jin Dynasty before the founding of the state, and made titles for each.The move was intended to bolster Beijing’s status as the nation’s capital and silence its opponents.So the early Jin emperors were not buried here.Take Emperor Taizu Wanyan Aguda as an example. He was originally buried in Shangjing (southeast suburb of balin Left Banner in Inner Mongolia today), and was later changed to Jinling in Beijing.Since so many tombs were built in a hurry, none of them will be very large.This foreshadowed the subsequent loss of the imperial mausoleum.Jinling also suffered a lot.After the fall of the Jin Dynasty, the ground buildings in Jinling were destroyed by the Yuan and Ming dynasties.The biggest damage was done by the Ming Emperor Tianqi (the excellent carpenter).After the Later Jin army rose, the Ming army was defeated repeatedly. Emperor Qi was furious and confused by the advice of some geomantic sorcerers. Therefore, he sent a large number of troops to destroy all the buildings in Jinling, cut off the dragon veins in the mountains, and built the Temple of Emperor Guan to town.In addition, he built a Rugota on the tomb of Gorgauta.After the establishment of the Qing Dynasty, the Jinling taizu Rui Mausoleum, Shizong Xing Mausoleum.Only these two were built because the other tombs had been buried in weeds and could not be confirmed.However, it did not last long. In the late Qing Dynasty and the Cultural Revolution, Jinling was destroyed again.Today, most of the buildings and steles built in the Qing Dynasty have disappeared.The seal of Xing Ling was also leveled off, and the seal of Rui Ling was severely damaged, leaving only a part of it.In 1986, the cultural relics department carried out a survey of Jinling and discovered the Jingling tomb of Jin Rui Zong.Jinling is now a national key cultural relic protection unit.There is no charge for the attraction.Now go to visit Jinling, you can see the seal of Rui Ling, some architectural relics, archway door (modern construction) and other scenery.Just thin learning shallow, friends if you have a unique view, welcome to send comments in the supplement.