In 1938, Zhou Kun, chief of staff of the Eighth Route Army, mysteriously disappeared with a large sum of money during the Anti-Japanese War
In 1938, the news that Zhou Kun, chief of staff of the 115th Division of the Eighth Route Army, absconded with 30,000 yuan was sent back to the army. The headquarters of the Eighth Route Army and the 115th Division were immediately in an uproar.We should know that Zhou Kun followed Chairman MAO’s side from the beginning of the autumn harvest uprising, won chairman MAO’s trust, and later in the Red Army’s position once with Lin Biao, Peng boss level.After zhou Kun is mysterious disappearance, from the completion of the mystery.So who was Zhou Kun?Why did he disappear so mysteriously?Born in 1902, Zhou Kun was born in Pingjiang County, Hunan Province. Since his adoptive father was a well-known local landlord, Zhou Kun’s living conditions were very good and he also received high-quality private school education.However, when he was growing up, China was in its darkest period, when the warlords were divided and the people were deprived of their livelihood.After entering the local normal school, he was exposed to advanced Marxist thought and established the belief to overthrow the old society with armed revolution. He formally joined the army in 1927.In April of that year, Chiang Kai-shek and Wang Ching-wei successively rebelled against the revolution and wantonly created white terror.So the Communist Party held the August 7th conference, determined the armed resistance of the Kuomintang reactionaries and the general policy of carrying out the agrarian revolution, and arranged chairman MAO to Hunan, leading the hunan-Jiangxi border of the autumn harvest uprising.Zhou Kun is a member of the rebel army, was incorporated into the 3rd battalion of the 3rd regiment as the monitor.On September 9, 1927, Zhou Kun was sent to the 3 regiment resident tonggu near the outskirts of guard guard, when a young man claiming to be surnamed MAO wanted to find the leader, but also claimed to be on the way by the reactionary militia chase, documents have been lost.Zhou Kun was not convinced. He searched him carefully and found nothing wrong, but out of caution he was taken to the regiment headquarters.However, after the people of the regiment headquarters see but blindingly, the soldiers from the army for a long time know the young man at the moment, he is to command the autumn harvest uprising of the central commissioner, Hunan provincial party committee secretary MAO Zedong.Su Xianjun, the head of the regiment, quickly apologized to Chairman MAO and severely criticized Zhou Kun.However, Chairman MAO praised Zhou kun and affirmed his vigilance in front of the whole regiment.In this way, Zhou Kun’s first meeting with Chairman MAO was appreciated.On September 11, under the command of Chairman MAO, the rebel regiments attacked Changsha in three ways according to the pre-plan.In the battle, Zhou Kun was clever and brave. He killed many enemies and made great contributions to breaking through the defensive line.After a week of offensive, the rebels gained some advantages, but in the face of the great disparity of strength, Chairman MAO decisively decided to give up attacking Changsha.Many radicals in the rebel army did not understand this decision, but Zhou Kun remained firmly on Chairman MAO’s side.He also actively worked for those who “just want to go to the city, not the mountain”, which further won chairman MAO’s appreciation, and the two gradually began to know each other.Later, Chairman MAO reorganized the army and formally established the 1st regiment of the 1st Division of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Revolutionary Army. Zhou Kun was successfully promoted to platoon commander and formally joined the Communist Party of China, becoming the backbone of the company branch.After the victory of Pingxing Pass, Zhou Kun followed Chairman MAO and came to Jinggangshan. He firmly supported chairman MAO’s line of “the countryside encircling the city and seizing power by armed forces”.And assisted Chairman MAO to complete the establishment of jinggangshan revolutionary base, which is China’s first rural revolutionary base and the place where the prairie fire was ignited for the first time.Moreover, after the meeting, the two sides merged their armies and formed the first Red army, namely the fourth Army of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army.Zhou Kun was promoted in the army and became commander of the 3rd battalion.In the following period of time, Zhou Kun not only broke the siege and suppression of the Kuomintang, but also continued to grow and expand the base area. By the summer of 1930, the Fourth Red Army had been expanded into the first Red Army, with a total of more than 20,000 troops under his command.Zhou Kun became a senior commander of the 34th Division.It can be said that in this period, Zhou Kun’s position in the Red Army is not weaker than Lin Biao and Peng mister.Of course, leading a war depends on strength.In the following three counter-” encirclement and suppression “operations, Zhou Kun performed well, and his military ability was affirmed by Chairman MAO and Mister Zhu.At that time, there was a saying in the central Soviet Area “Lin Biao had three guns, Chen Guang, Zhou Kun and Wang Liang”, which shows zhou Kun’s status.At the same time, he was also the bravest of the three and the best at using strange troops. In an anti-” encircled and suppressed “campaign, he also saved Lin Biao, so he was highly regarded and was the key talent trained at that time.In the later Long March, Zhou Kun fought bloody battles and led the way, making great contributions.On July 7, 1937, Japan brazenly launched a full-scale war of aggression against China, and the Chinese nation came to a critical moment of survival.In the kuomintang negative anti-japanese background, the Communist Party actively anti-japanese, and the Red Army formally adapted for the eighth Route Army, and Zhou Kun also bear heavy responsibilities, was appointed as the eighth Route Army 115 division chief of staff, personally came to the front command combat.On August 22, Zhou Kun solemnly swore in front of the 115th Division, “For the sake of the nation, for the sake of the country, for the sake of compatriots, for the sake of descendants, resolute resistance to the end of the war”.Then led 115 division main set out in batches, the first to arrive in Shanxi anti-japanese battlefield.At that time, the Japanese aggressives had approached the territory of Shanxi, after the capture of Datong, and along yu County, Guangling continued to move, pointing to the direction of pingxing Pass.The 115th division did not flinch in the face of the menacing Japanese army.Under the general command of Lin Biao and Zhou Kun, 115 division soldiers carried out a thorough deployment, not only completed the exploration of the surrounding terrain in one day, but also set up a number of ambush points in Pingxing Pass.On September 25, the Japanese arrived.115 division of soldiers waiting for the Japanese, hit a wrong hand soon, known as “invincible” of the Elite 5th division of the Japanese army 21 brigade transport troops, was the eighth Route Army played catch the head rats flee, was eventually all annihilated.This battle, the eighth Route Army annihilated more than 1000 enemy, captured 500 long guns, 21 heavy machine guns and more than 200 cars.It is worth mentioning that this is the first victory won after the eighth Route Army participated in the Anti-Japanese War, which not only broke the myth of invincible Japanese army, but also aroused the anti-japanese enthusiasm of the people of the whole country, laying a solid foundation for the victory of the Anti-Japanese War in the future.After the great victory of Pingxing Pass, Zhou Kun also assisted Lin Biao in the northeast area of Jin guerrillas, many times destroyed the Japanese plot, effectively won the battle to defend Yikou and Taiyuan.Not only that, Zhou Kun also firmly grasped the division construction, successfully established the Shanxi Cha-Ji Anti-japanese base area, and led the team to the southwest, intended to further broaden the anti-japanese front.However, at this time, a meeting appeared that changed Zhou Kun’s fate forever.In January 1938, the Kuomintang Military Committee held a meeting in Wuhan to focus on the opinions of the chiefs of staff of the war zones and sum up the experience and lessons of the Anti-Japanese War.At that time, the eighth Route Army, which belonged to the 18th Group Army, was also invited to the meeting. Finally, the headquarters sent four people to attend the meeting, including Zhou Kun.The meeting at the wuhan office lasted three days.Here, Zhou Kun, on behalf of the 115th Division, submitted tens of thousands of words of written report materials to the meeting, and carefully summarized the previous battles since the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War.In particular, the victorious experience in the great victory of Pingxing Pass won unanimous praise from the chief of staff attending the meeting.However, this trip to Wuhan also made Zhou Kun some imbalance, he saw the living conditions of the nations are much superior, the in the mind produced a little dissatisfaction.On the train back to Shanxi from Wuhan, the discontent grew stronger.Because of this, when he was on the way back to meet with Peng boss, could not help complaining, said he in Wuhan during how “lose face”.It is said that all kuomintang chiefs of staff have “three xiao”.They are their own small mansion, car and wife, while the eighth Route Army office in Wuhan has nothing, very stingy, even rickshaws can not reimburse the money.When it comes to excitement, Zhou Kun even complained, “When others fight against Japan, we also fight against Japan. When others live a good life, we are just like beggars.”Hear these words, Peng mister immediately serious criticized him, frankly what he envied, is the difference between the Communist Party and the Kuomintang, but also do the glory of the Communist party.Peng mister heart dissatisfaction, but considering the position of Zhou Kun, words are more euphemistic.But unexpectedly, Zhou Kun did not realize his mistake, but forced sophistry.Words revealed the military extravagance, corruption style of envy, always temper hot mister Peng at this time also could not help but, he angrily shot a few table, zhou Kun mercilessly scolded.After that, Zhou Kun left with a grievance and continued on his way home.Then he came to the KMT 2 theater in Linfen as usual, took the 115th division this month’s salary of 60,000 francs.After receiving the military expenditure, Zhou Kun gave a satchel to his guard and told him, “This is an important document. Please give it to Director Wang Bingzhang of the Operations Department immediately.”However, when the guards find Wang Bingzhang, two people opened the bag, but found that there is no important documents, only thirty thousand yuan and a letter.According to Wang’s recollection, Zhou kun wrote, “I received a total of 60,000 yuan, took 30,000 yuan with me, and gave another 30,000 yuan to the guards to bring back, please check.”In this way, Zhou Kun and 30,000 yuan of legal money disappeared together, and lost contact from then on.Learned that Zhou Kun absconded with money after the news, the eighth Route Army headquarters and 115 division division are a shocked, who also do not believe that such a military leader will make such a thing.But superior organization also ever sent intelligence personnel for many times, try to inquire about his whereabouts, but nothing, a person disappears so in huge crowd.So where did Zhou Kun go?To know, in 1938, the economy of the KMT area has not collapsed, the purchasing power of fiat money is not low.According to relevant records, 100 fa can buy two cows, so 30,000 FA can buy 600 cows, which is undoubtedly a large sum of money today.So many speculated that Zhou kun absconded with the money and returned to pingjiang, his hometown, to live the affluent life he dreamed of.On reflection, however, this argument doesn’t hold water.At that time, zhou Kun’s absconding incident received high attention, and the organization had sent personnel to Pingjiang County for several times to investigate.But there was no evidence of his rebellion against the revolution, and no trace of his return, which, if he had gone to live a better life, would have been so extravagant that it was impossible to remain silent.Therefore, it is highly unlikely that Zhou kun will return home with the money.So, since Zhou Kun was so envious of the Kuomintang, did he already join the kuomintang camp?Nor is that likely.Chiang kai-shek had a high profile, especially in the war of public opinion against the Communists.If Zhou Kun defected, he would certainly start the propaganda machine to write a book, never low-key handling.However, neither kuomintang propaganda nor intelligence agencies could find any information about Zhou Kun’s defection, which was definitely not in keeping with Chiang kai-shek’s usual style of conduct.Then again, Zhou Kun left because he was seduced by luxury. Compared with the Kuomintang, the Japanese army was enjoying more resources and a better life. Did he join the Japanese army and become a traitor?This inference once became the mainstream opinion, zhou Kun also carried the burden of “traitors”.However, in his more than ten years of revolutionary career, there has never been a betrayal of the organization.Even during the most difficult long March, Zhou Kun lost more than 80% of his staff. He often faced the danger of his own life, but he was always determined to walk down.It was the height of the Anti-Japanese War, and he had no motive at all to defect.Moreover, according to the Japanese strategy of “using China to control China”, once Zhou Kun defected, he would be sent to the battlefield to deal with the Eighth Route Army.But in the eight Route Army and the Japanese army for many years of fighting, never found zhou Kun figure, he was a traitor of the rumor was dispelled.In this way, the whereabouts of Zhou Kun became an unsolved case forever.But there was constant speculation that he had moved around the country under an assumed name, that he had fled abroad to lead a normal life, or that he had been murdered and that the letter had been planted by the perpetrator.In the absence of evidence, all theories have their merits, but none of them are convincing.We believe that with the continuous excavation of historical materials and relevant evidence in the future, the truth of the Zhou Kun incident will eventually come to light, and this former military general will also receive a fair evaluation.