Ancient Chinese ice sports of “walking ice like flying”

2022-07-17 0 By

Historical records and ethnological data show that it took a long time for people to master skating skills.After a long period of production and life practice of “treading cautiously and cautiously on thin ice” (” Book of Songs · Xiao Ya · Xiao Min “), people finally learned the basic techniques of ice walking and began to conquer the ice.According to the relevant data, at least in the Tang Dynasty in the northern ethnic tribes have been ice activity records.The New Book of Tang describes the ancient tribes of baye in the north: “Baye ancient…Custom is fond of hunting and shooting, less tillage, by wooden deer ice.”Du You, a historian in the Tang Dynasty, wrote “Tongdian” and “Beidi Zhuan”, which also recorded that “people in baye ancient times wore wooden feet, chased deer on ice, and took farming, shooting and hunting as their business.When there was snow and ice in winter, they would chase their prey on the ice with wooden implements.In the above early forms of ice sports popular among northern peoples, “wooden feet” and “wooden horses” were used for skating and hunting.”Wooden feet” may be shorter than “wooden horses” in length, but the use of more flexible, similar to later skates, mainly use the legs to power forward skating;”Wooden horse” is a wooden board tied at the foot, relying on the wooden staff to support the slide, in order to generate power sliding forward.Although the skating behavior using these equipment does not have the nature of game or competition, it can already be regarded as the embryonic form of skating.At the same time of the popular skating activities of the northern peoples, the early form of ice bed gliding on ice appeared in the Central Plains as late as the Song Dynasty.The dream Stream Pen Tan written by Shen Kuo in the Northern Song Dynasty records that there were “xin ‘an, Cang and Jing…Winter for a small bed, ice drag, that ling bed.”It reflects that in the Song Dynasty, in bazhou, Xiongzhou and Cangzhou areas of the Haihe River basin of hebei Province, ice bed or ice sled activities were popular.In the Ming Dynasty, the ice bed or drag bed, which slid on the ice, was more popular.Liu Ruoyu of The Ming Dynasty recorded in his book “Drinking Zhong Zhi” : “It is a river…To winter frozen, can drag the bed, to the board on the bed or gaojian, a person before the rope, can pull two or three people, such as flying ice.This shows that taking ice carts was very popular in the late Ming Dynasty and had become one of the outdoor leisure ways in winter.The “drag bed” recorded in the above literature is the ice slide similar to the later “ice car” “ice sled” ice slide.The ice sports in the Qing Dynasty developed in accordance with two systems: one was large-scale “ice Play” performances and competitions held regularly by the imperial court and trained professional players;One is popular in the folk, melting production, life and leisure entertainment as one of the ice skills.Bingxi activities in the Qing Dynasty were mainly popular from the Reign of Emperor Qianlong to The reign of Emperor Guangxu. Performances and competitions mainly included the “Dragon ball”, which integrates ice skating and archery, and the traditional figure skating “Swinging the mountain”.In addition to all kinds of ice activities mentioned above, there are also popular folk ice skills, including board skating, running skate, ice playing ju and ice bed.After the mid-19th century, with the introduction of western sports, modern ice sports were gradually introduced into China, and together with traditional Chinese ice sports, became the main body of the development of modern Ice sports in China.Up to now, after thousands of years of history evolution of Chinese traditional ice sports form, whether the board skating, or the modern winter Olympics competition short track speed skating;Whether it is the traditional bing Xi pai Shan Zi, sliding dragon, or the winter Olympics competition figure skating, ice dancing;Through the platform of Beijing Winter Olympic Games, the east and west ice culture across time and space blends in The Chinese land.