What’s for New Year’s Dinner at Zhongnanhai?Chairman MAO ate leftovers, Premier Zhou ate dumplings, Deng Xiaoping cooked himself…

2022-08-01 0 By

Today, the 28th day of the twelfth lunar month is also the last working day of the Year of the Ox. Tomorrow is New Year’s Eve these days.Where to eat?Most of the Chinese leaders are busy with state affairs during the Spring Festival, but at the same time, they are looking forward to having a warm dinner with their families just like ordinary people. Many anecdotes and anecdotes from the dinners of the older generation of leaders are still talked about today.New Year’s Eve Dinner MAO Ordered leftovers to be served Compared to state banquets and leaders’ family dinners on other occasions, MAO’s New Year’s Eve dinner was relatively simple.”Chairman MAO lived a frugal and simple life,” said Kang Hui, a chef at Zhongnanhai. “Whether it was New Year’s Day or Spring Festival, his family dinner was always three meat dishes, two vegetables and one soup.He usually says, one meat dish and one vegetable at a meal is enough.”MAO Zedong had a good temper with the staff, “Losing his temper is also directed at the cadres.Even if he eats sand in his meal, he doesn t talk.Kanghui only spent one Spring Festival at MAO zedong’s house.He said that MAO zedong’s family and ordinary people’s family, the New Year’s eve dinner also made dumplings, only a few more meat dishes than usual, the children come to eat together.In his mind, MAO Zedong had a taboo against soy sauce, because “he saw dead rats in the soy sauce workshop when he was a child”.He doesn’t like beef and mutton, not chicken.MAO Zedong did not eat chicken, but Kang Hui made chicken for him.Once, he chopped the tenderest part of the chicken breast into mud, wrapped it in starch and fried it with sauce. The dish was not only beautiful in color, but also very tender, just like tofu.MAO had little to say about food;But this meal, he finished straight praise.Not all of comfort’s culinary displays are praised.Once he cooked a pork belly with a flower knife, which was crisp and tender. After eating it, MAO Zedong said, “Don’t let your master bother with the knife skills. If you have time, you’d better read more books.They look like flowers, I know it’s a lot of work.”More memorable is Comfort’s colleague cheng Ruming, a chef who worked alongside MAO for 22 years.▷ Like Chairman MAO and Kang Hui, Cheng has no special memory of the dinner table at chairman MAO’s house.Even on New Year’s and New Year’s Eve, MAO zedong didn’t give any special orders to the kitchen, so Cheng had to cook more of his favorite dishes.The only thing Cheng remembers well is that on New Year’s Eve, he cooked braised pork without soy sauce, preserved pork, bitter melon, chili rings, fish-head tofu, chicken in salty water, grilled double dishes and a small pot of sanxian dumplings.That night, he did not have to add more soup to the dish as usual to keep it warm, because on this day of the reunion dinner, MAO Zedong did not read documents while eating.After dinner, he read the papers as usual.As for the lunar New Year’s Eve dinner, cheng Ruming remembers the most extravagant dish, only one arhat prawns.There were a few times when MAO zedong ordered leftovers to be served for dinner on New Year’s Eve.Chairman MAO and Puyi during the Spring Festival of 1962, a year after three difficult years, MAO Zedong continued this habit.His private dinner puyi, please Zhang Shizhao and three other celebrities accompany, only a few dishes on the table xiang chili, balsamic melon, fermented black beans and other side dishes and rice with steamed bread, the only point can support the scene is a bottle of wine.Zhou Enlai’s New Year’s Eve Banquet Steamed stuffed Bun with Millet Porridge Premier Zhou Enlai was a true gourmet.Because he was born in the birthplace of Huaiyang cuisine Huai ‘an Chuzhou City, so huaiyang cuisine is a special preference.Braised lion’s head was zhou enlai’s favorite dish.According to the memories of wang Shishu and GUI Huanyun, zhou’s old cooks for many years, the premier liked to eat braised dried silk, braised louvers, braised lion’s head and so on.Before the “Cultural Revolution”, zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao invited the staff to have a “reunion dinner” every Chinese New Year.At this time, Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao had to cook a few special dishes.The prime minister’s favourite dish, which he makes every time he cooks, is the braised lion’s head.During the three difficult years after the great Leap Forward in 1958, Zhou Enlai refused to eat meat, eggs or fish, and the lion’s head was no longer on his table.It was not until 1965, when the national economy was fully improved, that he allowed his chef to cook the braised lion head for him again.In the Spring Festival of 1960, Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao, Li Xiannian, Chen Yi, Wang Zhen, etc. came to the banquet hall on the third floor of the Capital Theater and the cast of the Beijing People’s Art Theater to celebrate the Spring Festival together.It was three years of economic hardship, so the prime minister had brought wine and peanuts from home to be placed on various tables in the lounge.No one moved in the face of these then precious foods.When Premier Zhou found out, he repeatedly said: “Come, come, let’s all have a little.”Still, no one would eat it.Then a young actress plucked up the courage to grab a handful of peanuts. An old actor sitting next to her touched the young man with his arm. The young actor blushed in embarrassment and hurriedly put the peanuts back on the plate.The actress’s hand was blocked by Premier Zhou’s hand.”It’s time for young people to grow,” Zhou said. “They should eat more. Peanuts are for everyone to eat.”Zhou Enlai around the staff most look forward to the Spring Festival, one near the Spring Festival, secretly happy, because zhou Enlai hard for a year, only the Spring Festival can fully sleep two.These two senses allow you to fall asleep naturally and wake up naturally without stress.Zhou enlai did not have many opportunities to spend the Spring Festival with his family.Zhou Baozhang, zhou Enlai’s nephew, had a New Year’s Eve dinner with the premier in the West Flower Hall in 1961.On that day, Zhou Enlai invited his relatives and staff in Beijing to the West Flower Hall. Adults and children crowded the hall with three tables.When they were all seated, the staff carried steaming steamed buns and yellow millet porridge.So began the New Year’s Eve feast.After a round of applause, the premier greeted everyone with a big smile and thanked everyone for their hard work in the past year.Deng Yingchao, the host of the banquet, said meaningfully, “Why do you invite everyone to eat millet porridge today?Is because the Chinese revolution is millet plus rifle play out;Why eat baozi?It is because the Chinese Communist Party and Chairman MAO led us to overthrow the three mountains and establish a new China, and people’s life has improved. So we can eat meat buns today. We should not forget the kindness of the Party.As soon as Deng yingchao finished speaking, applause broke out in the hall.According to huaian native custom, the younger generation on the first day of the first month is to pay New Year’s greetings to their elders;But Zhou Enlai and Deng Yingchao were also busy on New Year’s Eve, especially Zhou Enlai, who went to bed before dawn and got up after noon.Deng Yingchao told Zhou that this was a habit they had developed during their long underground struggle and years of revolution, and it was impossible to change now.In this way, Zhou baozhang could not pay a New Year call to the premier.When Premier Zhou and Deng had lunch on The first day of the Lunar New Year s Day, they were presented with a dish of corn flour, three on the bottom and one on the top.A closer look, practice is also the same as ordinary people: round like a small hill, at the bottom of a round hole, but the head is smaller than the folk.Zhou Baozhang felt strange: “Big New Year, don’t make dumplings but eat dumplings?”There were only three people eating at the table: Zhou Enlai, Deng Yingchao and Zhou Baozhang.Zhou Baozhang did not think much, stretched out his hand to take wowotou.Deng Yingchao immediately took his hand away with her chopsticks and said, “Slow down. This is for me and your uncle to eat. You are the guest.She then pointed to with the hand, “go to the grand rice to eat.”Zhou baozhang also wanted to say that he was a junior and should eat coarse grain. The premier seemed to have seen through his mind and cast a loving but undisputable look at him.Zhou baozhang had to do as they asked.But that meal he did not eat well, every mouthful of rice was difficult to swallow.In 1969, deng Xiaoping and his family were sent to the Nanchang Army Infantry School of the former Fuzhou Military Command in Xinjian County, Jiangxi Province in the wake of the “Cultural Revolution”.There, Deng spent more than three years in exile.When his younger daughter Maomao later talked about the first Spring Festival she spent in Jiangxi, one thing she remembered most vividly was “cold”.In her book “My Father Deng Xiaoping,” she recalled: “There were no festive firecrackers, the noise of the Chinese New Year, our family also happily made a simple dinner, quietly saw off 1969, ushered in 1970.Also impressed by deng xiaoping’s dinner was Shen Zaiwang, son of Li Jingquan.In 1972, he visited Deng Xiaoping and spent an unforgettable Spring Festival at Deng’s home.Upon arriving at Deng xiaoping’s home, Deng Xiaoping and Zhuo Lin took out all the delicious food in the house to entertain the children.Deng Xiaoping immediately went to the kitchen to make a fire and stir fry vegetables. He made rice noodles and rice bowls and eggs for them to eat.Shen zaiwang did not know deng Xiaoping knew how to cook vegetables.That night, the family postponed dinner because Deng insisted on cooking more dishes for the children.He steamed glutinous rice, afraid that the children would not be enough to eat, he also took out a small basin to steam rice, a large portion.Deng Xiaoping said, “You can’t finish it today. You can still eat it tomorrow.”Deng Xiaoping knew that Shen zaiwang was a native of Sichuan and loved to eat Sichuan food, so he specially fried twice-cooked pork with chili, saying that only sichuan people would eat twice-cooked pork as a tooth sacrifice.Source: Red Voice (ID: HSZS1921) Jiefang Daily, Weibo and other editors: Ivy, Shirley Review: Bian Yinghao